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Located on the West coast of Southern Africa, Angola was under colonial rule until November 11, 1975, date on which it became an independent nation. It extends over an area of 1,246,700 Km2.
The country is divided into 18 provinces, being Luanda the capital. With a total of 4,837 Km long borderline, Angola is bordered with Congo-Brazzaville at the Northern province of Cabinda, the Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaïre) to the North and East, Zambia to the East, and Namibia to the South. Angola has an Atlantic Ocean coastline of 1,650 Km long. The country’s major ports include Luanda, Lobito, and Namibe. The country’s highest peak is Mount Moco, 2,620 m high, located in Huambo province. With a privileged continental hydrographic system, Angola’s main rivers are Kwanza, Záire, Cunene, and Cubango. Kwanza (Kz) is national currency.
President José Eduardo dos Santos became President of the Popular Republic of Angola after the death of António Agostinho Neto in 1979. President dos Santos actively pursued national and international efforts to bring about peace in Angola. His involvement resulted in the successful withdrawal of South African forces from Angola, the repatriation of Cuban forces and the independence of Namibia. President dos Santos led Angola in a national transition towards democracy that included both political pluralism and the establishment of a market economy. President dos Santos signed the Bicesse Accords in 1991 which allowed for the country’s first democratic elections in 1992. The President and his party won the election and the results were accredited by UN and international observers; however, UNITA contested the election results and the country returned to war.
President dos Santos led the search for a negotiated settlement to end the fighting and destruction in Angola. Finally, through his political determination and with the combined mediation efforts of the United Nations, U.S., Russia and Portugal, the Angolan government and UNITA signed the Lusaka Protocol in November 1994. In 1995, the President has held three meetings with UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi in an effort to accelerate the peace process and restore trust and confidence among all Angolans.
President dos Santos has also taken the lead in planning for the rebuilding of Angola. In September of 1995, he headed the Angolan delegation to an international Donor’s Roundtable in Brussels to urge support for the national reconstruction program. www.governo.gov.ao
Angola is located in a sub tropical zone, its climate is not typical of such areas due to the following factors: The cold current from Benguela running along the southern part of the coast. The highlands in the interior. The influence of the Namibe desert, situated southwest. As a result Angola has its own specific climate, with two distinct seasons, the rains, from October to April and the mist or “Cacimbo” from May to September, a much dryer season with lower temperatures
With an Atlantic coastline stretching for over 1.650 kms, mighty rivers flow into wide estuaries depositing sediments they have brought with them from the high plateaus to form numerous small islands, bays and sandbanks and where excellent beaches can be found. In Luanda, special mention must be given to the beaches of Ilha do Cabo, Mussulo, Palmeirinhas, Corimba and Santiago. In Benguela there is Morena, Restinga, Caóta, Caotina, Baia Azul and Baia Farta and finally in Namibe, two more, Das Miragens and Azul
The orography and the climatic characteristics of the land provide Angola with a vast diversity of animal and vegetable species.
–National Integral Park of Kwando, the National Park of Cangandala, The National Park of Quissama, the National Park of Kameia, The National Park of Bicuar, The National Park of Mupa, The National Park of Iona,
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ANGOLA Economics Priority sectors
-Agriculture and Livestock (Fishing industry and derivatives , including the construction of boats and nets)
– Transport and Infrastructures
-Telecommunications and information technologies
-Energy and Water
-Hospitality and Tourism
-Transportation Sector (rail , roads ports and airports infrastructure)
Sectors and Opportunities
A -Agriculture and Livestock
Potential internal market : 3 million hectares of arable land ,Favorable climatic conditions ; Biodiversity and environment without soil water or polluted atmosphere; Abundant presence of water ; More irrigated areas : Bengo , Cabinda , Luanda and Huila, Major Crops : tubers , cereals and fruits
Promotion of agro – business, agribusinesses , Sustainable management of forest resources ; Veterinary and sanitary regulations ; Construction and rehabilitation of infrastructure in irrigated areas , warehouses and silos ; Research and development, Training and Education; Promotion of rural credit
( Packaging Production , Production Machinery, Equipment Tools & Accessories , Recycling of ferrous and non ferrous metals , textile production , apparel and footwear , wood processing and derivatives , production of foodstuffs, building materials ) .
B- Transportation and Infrastructures
– Strategy : Privatization
-Construction of an integrated transport system( Connect the transport system with the Angolan SADC)
-Creation of qualified institutions to urban planning
-Creation of regulatory bodies for each type of transport
-Development of 3 runners starting and ending ports in the railways
-Revitalization of shipping and distribution system to restore the competitiveness of domestic enterprises
-Modernization of ports
3- Investment Areas :
-Roads: Urban public transport, Interprovincial and intercity passenger, Transportation of goods, assets and average ,
-Railways: The state owns the railways CFL , CFB and CFM, It is an open area for investment in all its aspects
The government approved a preliminary study, ” Ango Iron ” to improve , build and expand all lines of path Angolan iron.
• Malanje , Namibe and Lobito , created by the government ;
• Public and private sector can invest ;
• Since giving access to the sea for landlocked countries and consequently boost regional development;
Open investment ( Privatization Management ) Port that can be rented : Luanda
Ports in use : Lobito , Namibe , Cabinda , Soyo and Porto Amboim
Both coastal shipping and international shipping are liberalized activities in Angola
Liberalized activity for national air transportation, International air transport is a conditioned activity by the exercise of traffic rights to be negotiated with the national airline
Private investment is possible in the refurbishment of infrastructure and service delivery process.
C- Telecommunications Sector
Delimitation of areas of law; Law No. 5 / 02 of April 16, 2002. Absolute Book Condition: basic telecommunications network. Related Book Condition: telecommunications services for public use and economic activities likely to be hired by entities not belonging to the public sector through a concession contract .
Challenges: Increase competition in the phone market ; Improve Internet services and universalized it. Improve the supply of corporate segment. Regular pay television duopoly
Governing Law: Basic Telecommunications Act /Law No. 8 / 01 of May 11, 2001 Regulations governing access to the provision of telecommunications services for public use initially ( Decree 18/97 of March 27, 1997 and updated by Decree No. 44 / 02 of 6 September 2002 ) ;
Regulations governing telecommunications services for public use ( Decree 45 / 02 of September 10, 2002 ) ;
Regulations governing the pricing of the public telecommunications ( Decree 04 / 03 of 09 January 2004) services ; General rules governing the interconnection ( Decree 13 /04 of March 12, 2004 ) ;
National Numbering Plan ;National Frequency Plan ( Decree 10 / 03 of 7 March 2003 ) ;Constitution of INACOM ( Decree No. 115 / 08 of 7 October 2008 ) ;
Foreign natural or legal persons can not be majority shareholders in the capital of the operators of public telecommunications services ( Article 18 of Law No. 8 /01 of May 11, 2001 ) ;
The direct or indirect involvement of a telecommunications operator in the capital of another to provide the same service may not exceed 10 % ( Article 17 of that law ) .
Initiatives : Modernize and expand the production capacity of electricity; Promote the development of the national grid , including North / Central and Central / South systems . Promote the development of local sources such as small hydro – power plants for rural electrification . Putting in place the National Electrification Programme , which includes the development of new energy sources . Increase and diversify the production of electricity using energy derived from water, wind , solar and biomass sources.
Institutional reorganization of the electricity sector , with the possibility of creating private enterprises for the production and distribution of electricity;
The industry is moving from its current installed capacity of 1,000 MW to 5,500 MW to reach within 5 years; The government plans to deliver to private operators through procurement , construction and operation based on the, BOT system; Public-private seem. The revision of the General Electricity Law is underway to make private investments , participate in activitiesrelated to the sector . These include the production and distribution of energy by private entities under concessions from the Government ;Power generation system:
The system covers:
– North Luanda and Bengo , Malanje , Kwanza Norte and Kwanza Sul;
– The provinces of Benguela and Huambo ;
-The southern provinces of Huila and Namibe ;
D Water Sector
Angola is the second most gifted country in Africa in terms of water resources, heavy rains almost throughout the country; 60 % of Angola records an average annual rainfall of about 1000mm .
But only 50 % of the population has access to potable water and only 16 % have potable water
Worth investing in the infrastructure of cities , networks stretching , water treatment , supply and sewage system |www.anip.co.ao |
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key sectors for worldwide investors : energy (solar, hydro, biomass, renewable ..), infrastructure, roads, natural resources, mining, agriculture, forestry, telecommunications, tourism and ecotourism, responsible tourism, education, research, health, fisheries, transport
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